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Who are we?

Gandhara is a company based in Australia specialising in Gandharan and South East Asian art and sculpture, from ancient Afghanistan to imperial China, with a strong representation from Thailand, Burma, Laos and Cambodia.

Gandhara has stringent standards when selecting pieces for acquisition with almost 20 years experience in Asian artifacts and Sculpture, you can be certain that our Galleries contain the highest quality pieces at extremely reasonable prices. We have developed a client list, who return to buy from us again and again, this reputation is something we respect and intend to develop and can only be achieved by offering high quality pieces.

Through Gandhara you have the opportunity to buy at the same price as the dealers, galleries, museums and auction houses, this can of course amount to considerable savings.

All pieces are unique, individually hand crafted by master sculptures using ancient techniques and driven by Buddhist religious ideology and merit, carved and sculptured for religious purposes. Bronzes were produced using the lost wax method, a highly innovative process requiring great skill, experience and patience.

Almost all of the pieces we offer are mounted on individually custom crafted stands

We hope you enjoy your visit to our web site and bookmark for future reference.

Please note: all pieces for sale through Gandhara are in Australia at the time of advertising for sale, unless stated otherwise.

Brief Introduction to Gandharan Art from the
1st-5th Centuries AD.

The art and sculpture of the region that has come to be known as Gandhara combines Hellenistic or Graeco-Roman artistic techniques and modelling with Indian Buddhist iconography to create a recognisably Indian hybrid. Probably using artists imported initially from west Asia. By the end of the 1st century these aesthetic traditions had developed into a recognisable Gandharan style. Sculpture in stone, usually Schist, are considered to predate those made from Stucco although both materials were used from an early date. Gandharan artists were concerned with the naturalistic modelling and the rendering of garments and embellishment in realistic detail compared with the closely related school of Mathura 800km to the south east in present day India, whose main medium was the much softer Red sandstone.

Alexander the Greats expedition into India in 330-325BC was an influential factor on the introduction of Hellenism into the region. Few traces remain of this early Hellenistic civilisation due to continual invasions throughout this time. Gandhara probably flourished under the united banner of Buddhism helped by kings such as Asoka showing a great tolerance and interest this religion.

Gandhara occupied a large area of what today are North West India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, traversed by ancient roads linking India with China, Tibet and West Asia. The dominant characteristics of this school were Hellenistic and strongly related to Asian provinces of the Roman Empire. This Area was the Eastern most region of the ancient world influenced by classical aesthetics, and the first to portray the Buddha in human form, until this time only symbolic iconography was used to symbolise the enlightened one.

These Gandharan relief fragments offered for sale by 'Gandhara', were probably part of larger reliefs that decorated a stupa or other Buddhist religious structures.
All Gandharan sculpture sold here is professionally mounted on custom made stands. Due to age Gandharan sculpture has unavoidable chips in some areas, erosion and sometimes soil encrustation, these thing are clearly stated within the item description.

All our pieces are Guaranteed authentic works of art dating from the Gandhara period
1st - 5th Centuries AD.

A Brief biography of Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great was born in 356BC His father, Philip, was the brother of King Perdikkas III of Macedon to the north of Greece. His mother, Olympus was daughter of King Neoptolemus I of Epirus (modern Albania).

In 359BC, when Alexander was three years old, Perdikkas died. His young son Amyntas was expected to succeed him, with Philip as his regent, but Philip usurped his nephews throne, making himself King Philip II. He proved to be a strong ruler, and conquered most of Greece. In 343BC Aristotle appointed as tutor to Alexander. At sixteen, Alexander was left to serve as regent of Macedon when his father went away to war. During Philip's absence Alexander led an expedition to modern day Bulgaria, where he subdued a rebellion and established his first city, Alexandropolis. After this triumph he became a general in his fathers army. On August 2, 338BC Alexander commands cavalry at the Battle of Chaeronea, defeating the Greeks.

The relationship between Alexander and his father was a bitter one and led at one stage to Alexander leaving Macedonia with his mother. Even after his return there was much bitter feuding between them right up the murder of Philip by the captain of his bodyguard. After his fathers murder in 336BC, Alexander asends the throne of Macedonia to became King Alexander III at the age of twenty. He was intensely loyal to his friends and the men he led.

After taking the throne, In May/June 334BC Alexander crosses Hellespont with 40,000 men into Persia. He engaged in war with Persia at the battle of the Granicus (a campaign originally planned by his father) defeating King Darius III in a strategic battle. Later Alexander solves the riddle of the 'Gordian Knot'. In 330BC he went on to sack the great Persian city and learning centre of Pesopollis, in central Persia near the city of Shiraz in modern day Iran. Whilst in Persia, Alexander's men captured a group of rebels, and Alexander married the rebel chiefs daughter, Roxanne. After his marriage within a few years Alexander conquered most of Asia Minor, marching through Afghanistan, by spring 329BC Alexandria had crossed the Hindu Kush into Central Asia, proving himself to be a brilliant general and conquering much territory there. By Summer he had entered India, following yet another victorious bloody battle, his men refuse to advance any further. Reluctantly Alexander agreed to turn back and started the voyage down the Indus. He attacked many cities on the march home; during one battle he took an arrow in the chest, which pierced his lung and almost died. By Summer 326BC Alexander reaches the Indian Ocean and starts to march through the Gedrosian desert.

In the winter of 325-324 he returned to Persia. Finding that several of his governors had abused their authority in his absence, he had them executed. To promote harmony between his people and the Persians he ordered eighty of his most important men to marry highborn Persian women in traditional Persian wedding ceremonies. He himself married King Darius's daughter, who was named either Barsine or Stateira (he was still married to Roxanne). Alexander also began promoting Persians to high ranking positions in his army, saying that Persians and Macedonians should share the empire. His efforts to create unity failed; the marriages between his men and the Persians mostly broke up after Alexander's death.

In the summer of 323BC Alexander became ill, and on June 10 he died in Babylon, modern day Iraq after ten days of illness, he was 32. Modern historians have long suspected that he died from malaria, but recently it has been suggested that the culprit was typhoid fever. The empire was soon torn apart by the power struggles of Alexander's former advisors and generals, collectively called the Diadochi (Greek for 'successors'). In 321BC Perdikkas was killed by mutinous soldiers and replaced as regent by his rival Antipater. In 319BC Antipater died and was succeeded as regent by Polyperchon, who was quickly ousted by Antipater's son Cassander.

Without any doubt Alexander the Great is one of the finest leaders the world has ever seen. He spread out the Greek culture over Asia Minor mixed with the cultures of conquered nations and formed a culture which was new in many aspects. This new culture is known as Hellenism and formed an integral part of the artistic and stylistic sculpture of Gandhara.

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Brief Introduction to Gandharan Art from the 1st-5th Centuries AD.

A Brief biography of Alexander the Great.

Casting techniques and classification of South East Asian bronzes.

Table of Thai and Khmer sculpture.

Bamiyan destroyed – Taliban in Afghanistan

History of Afghanistan

The influence of Gandhara on Serindia

Pakistan
Iran
India
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